Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by a breed of mosquito common to the southeastern United States and the tropics. It is not spread person-to-person. More than 100 million cases of dengue occur every year worldwide, with year-round cases in the Caribbean and South and Central America. Symptoms of dengue include high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, backache, joint and muscle pains, nausea and vomiting, and sometimes rash. Anyone experiencing these symptoms should seek medical counsel, although there is no vaccine or antidote for dengue. Care procedures involve common treatments for severe flu cases.
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Many people are infected and do not develop any symptoms, said Bob Eadie of the Monroe County Health Department. Others develop severe joint pain, which is why it is also sometimes known as “breakbone fever.” People with chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension or congestive heart failure may be at increased risk of severe disease. Fatalities are rare; less then 1 percent of patients succumb to the disease.
It was likely brought to the island by either a resident or a visitor who traveled to a dengue endemic area, arrived in Key Largo and was bitten there by an Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is common to the Keys. The mosquito, in turn, transmitted the virus to other humans. There have been no reported cases that have originated outside of that area or the remainder of the Florida Keys, according to health officials.
People should not be concerned about visiting. There are no local, state or federal advisories discouraging travel to Key Largo or anywhere else in the Florida Keys. Many popular tropical visitor destinations are challenged with dengue year-round.
The emergence of these dengue cases reinforces the importance for the public to prevent insect bites and to take basic precautions to help limit exposure. To safeguard against the virus and ensure personal comfort, take preventive measures against mosquitoes:
The Keys have an aggressive mosquito abatement program and the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District is concentrating eradication efforts in the section of Key Largo.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a freshwater mosquito, so the best way to thwart the insect’s spread and activity is to eliminate breeding venues.
More Visitor Safety information and mosquito protection/preventive measures can be found at https://fla-keys.com/visitor-safety/.